Topics: Developer Forum
Nov 29, 2009 at 6:42 PM


i cant use =SUBTOTAL  function. my source return this error:

20:39:13 Create new PHPExcel object 20:39:13 Set properties 20:39:13 Add data 20:39:13 Set title row bold 20:39:13 Set autofilter 20:39:13 Write to Excel2007 format _raiseFormulaError message is Formula Error: An unexpected error occured

Fatal error: Uncaught exception 'Exception' with message 'Formula Error: An unexpected error occured' in C:\web\www-projects\www\excel\Classes\PHPExcel\Calculation.php:3032 Stack trace: #0 C:\web\www-projects\www\excel\Classes\PHPExcel\Calculation.php(2483): PHPExcel_Calculation->_raiseFormulaError('Formula Error: ...') #1 C:\web\www-projects\www\excel\Classes\PHPExcel\Calculation.php(1935): PHPExcel_Calculation->_parseFormula('SUBTOTAL(9;C2:C...') #2 C:\web\www-projects\www\excel\Classes\PHPExcel\Calculation.php(1802): PHPExcel_Calculation->_calculateFormulaValue('=SUBTOTAL(9;C2:...', 'C10', Object(PHPExcel_Cell)) #3 C:\web\www-projects\www\excel\Classes\PHPExcel\Cell.php(301): PHPExcel_Calculation->calculateCellValue(Object(PHPExcel_Cell), true) #4 C:\web\www-projects\www\excel\Classes\PHPExcel\Writer\Excel2007\Worksheet.php(1002): PHPExcel_Cell->getCalculatedValue() #5 C:\web\www-projects\www\excel\Classes\PHPExcel\Writer\Excel2007\Worksheet.php(946): PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007_Worksheet->_writeCell(Object(PHPExcel_Shar in C:\web\www-projects\www\excel\Classes\PHPExcel\Calculation.php on line 3032


and source is:



 * PHPExcel
 * Copyright (C) 2006 - 2009 PHPExcel
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
 * @category   PHPExcel
 * @package    PHPExcel
 * @copyright  Copyright (c) 2006 - 2009 PHPExcel (
 * @license	LGPL
 * @version    1.7.1, 2009-11-02

/** Error reporting */

/** PHPExcel */
require_once '../Classes/PHPExcel.php';

/** PHPExcel_IOFactory */
require_once '../Classes/PHPExcel/IOFactory.php';

// Create new PHPExcel object
echo date('H:i:s') . " Create new PHPExcel object\n";
$objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();

// Set properties
echo date('H:i:s') . " Set properties\n";
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Maarten Balliauw")
							 ->setLastModifiedBy("Maarten Balliauw")
							 ->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document")
							 ->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document")
							 ->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.")
							 ->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml php")
							 ->setCategory("Test result file");

// Create a first sheet
echo date('H:i:s') . " Add data\n";
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A1', "Quarter");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B1', "Country");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C1', "Sales");

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A2', "Q1");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B2', "United States");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C2', "800");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A3', "Q2");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B3', "United States");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C3', "700");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A4', "Q3");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B4', "United States");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C4', "900");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A5', "Q4");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B5', "United States");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C5', "950");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A6', "Q1");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B6', "Belgium");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C6', "400");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A7', "Q2");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B7', "Belgium");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C7', "350");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A8', "Q3");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B8', "Belgium");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C8', "450");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A9', "Q4");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B9', "Belgium");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C9', "500");
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C10', '=SUBTOTAL(9;C2:C9)');

// Set title row bold
echo date('H:i:s') . " Set title row bold\n";

// Set autofilter
echo date('H:i:s') . " Set autofilter\n";
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setAutoFilter('A1:C9');	// Always include the complete filter range!
														// Excel does support setting only the caption
														// row, but that's not a best practise...

// Set active sheet index to the first sheet, so Excel opens this as the first sheet

// Save Excel 2007 file
echo date('H:i:s') . " Write to Excel2007 format\n";
$objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'Excel2007');
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.xlsx', __FILE__));

// Echo memory peak usage
echo date('H:i:s') . " Peak memory usage: " . (memory_get_peak_usage(true) / 1024 / 1024) . " MB\r\n";

// Echo done
echo date('H:i:s') . " Done writing file.\r\n";


If i delete this command:

$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C10', '=SUBTOTAL(9;C2:C9)');
than this script is ok and will be genered XLS.

Could you tell me how I can use SUBTOTAL?
many thanks, pavel


Dec 6, 2009 at 4:19 PM

Formula’s argument separator is comma and not semicolon. (According to the manual.)

That is why your code didn’t work.

Replace formula '=SUBTOTAL(9;C2:C9)' with '=SUBTOTAL(9,C2:C9)' and then it should be okay.